# C++ int Multiplication

## #C++

int multiplication in C++ should be processed with caution.

```
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int main(int argc, char *argv[]){
// Check the number of parameters
if (argc < 1) {
// Tell the user how to run the program
std::cerr << "Usage: " << argv[0] << " takes 1 parameter: the value of int to be multiplied " << std::endl;
return 1;
}
int a = stoi(argv[1]);
long int b = stol(argv[1]);
cout.precision(10);
cout << "Multiple itself as int: " << a * a << endl;
cout << "Multiple itself as long int: " << b * b << endl;
}
```

Compile and run the program using `-std=c++11`

.

```
cpp-int-multiply ‹master*› ./int-multiplication.out 1000
Multiple itself as int: 1000000
Multiple itself as long int: 1000000
cpp-int-multiply ‹master*› ./int-multiplication.out 10000
Multiple itself as int: 100000000
Multiple itself as long int: 100000000
cpp-int-multiply ‹master*› ./int-multiplication.out 100000
Multiple itself as int: 1410065408
Multiple itself as long int: 10000000000
cpp-int-multiply ‹master*› ./int-multiplication.out 1000000
Multiple itself as int: -727379968
Multiple itself as long int: 1000000000000
```

The results seems to be weird because the multiplicated number exceeds the max of int.

Within for loops, the `int i = 0`

should be used carefully. The calculation `i*i`

is problematic even i is not exceeding the max. There are solutions to this. We could convert `i`

to double `(double)i`

in situ. Or we could simple use `long int`

.

Source code at repl.it.

Results on asciinema.

Published:
by Lei Ma;

Lei Ma (2017). 'C++ int Multiplication', Datumorphism, 09 April. Available at: https://datumorphism.leima.is/til/programming/cpp/cpp-int-multiply/.

## Table of Contents

**Current Ref:**

- til/programming/cpp/cpp-int-multiply.md