# data

Transforms that captures the local patterns

Some sugar for data science

In a learning problem The learning problem posed by Vapnik:1 Given a sample: $\{z_i\}$ in the …

ERM In a learning problem The learning problem posed by Vapnik:1 Given a sample: $\{z_i\}$ in the …

The loss calculated on all the data points

The loss calculated on all the whole population

Data storage is diverse. For data on smaller scales, we are mostly dealing with some data files. …

The Gini impurity is a measurement of the impurity of a set.

The information is a measurement of the entropy of the dataset.

During feature engineering, we have to deal with missing values.